The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study.
The Adverse Childhood Experiences study was a landmark piece of research conducted by Kaiser Permanente and the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the US in the 1980s. It was the first large scale study to look at the relationship between 10 categories of adversity in childhood and a myriad of health outcomes in adulthood, such as increased risk of depression, suicide.
The scoring system was modeled after the ACE Study questions. The content of the questions was based on a number of research studies from the literature over the past 40 years including that of Dr. Emmy Werner and others. Its purpose is limited to parenting education. It was not developed for research.
The original ACEs study, conducted in the USA, found that around two thirds (64%) of the 17,000 individuals included in the study reported at least one ACE, with over a quarter (26%) suffering physical abuse and a fifth experiencing some form of sexual abuse. Around one in eight individuals (13%) had experienced four or more ACEs. The study found the direct impact on a number of health issues.
Questions cover family dysfunction; physical, sexual and emotional abuse and neglect by parents or caregivers; peer violence; witnessing community violence, and exposure to collective violence. Findings from ACE-IQ surveys can be of great value in advocating for increased investments to reduce childhood adversities, and to inform the design of prevention programmes.
The original ACEs study was comprise of ten questions and was conducted at Kaiser Permanente in 1995-1997. Study findings revealed a relationship between the numbers of ACEs reported and negative health outcomes later in life. People with four or more ACEs are at high risk for chronic health problems such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, suicide, and alcoholism. In 2014, the Center for.
How frequently can we request a study from ACES? Which College Board testing programs are supported by ACES? Can we use scores from our local tests as predictors in ACES studies? Can I save my ACES study design or data-submission information online and return to it later? Can we pull up our old ACES study request and resubmit it with a new data.
Twenty years have now passed since the publication of Felitti et al’s (1998) landmark study examining the long-term impact of adverse experiences in childhood on health and health risk behaviors. Not only has the term adverse childhood experiences, or “ACEs” proliferated in the research literature and professional practice, but its use is increasingly common among a variety of community.